Monthly Archives: January 2016

Can You Control Your Family Evolution?

Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

The previous posting considers the limited role of DNA (the traditional genome) in determining how life unfolds. There we discussed three other dimensions to the genetics state-of-art: the epigenome (timing of gene activity), the biome (role of beneficial bacteria), and the virome (interplay with viruses). Today’s genetics allows for the potential of environment affecting how the unborn (and not-yet conceived) might differ from parents and be influenced by these three non-traditional operators on inherited characteristics.

The once banished Lamarckian hypothesis is given new credence through current biological experiments. One of these showed how mice fattened in the lab tend to have pups whose obesity proclivities are not reflected in inherited genes associated with DNA. Researchers have argued that parents’ exposure to fatty diet somehow changes the mouse epigenome, and that the pups will pass obesity tendencies on to their own offspring. In effect, the environment permanently changes the heredity of those rodents without readily identifiable DNA shifts. In a nutshell, modern genetics has not yet provided a complete understanding of evolutionary change.

Does this mean that we can provide our progeny with inherited advantages just by keeping our own life on an even keel? We might even make a science out of directed human evolution.

In spite of ethical issues raised, when faced with decisions regarding restorations of life on Earth—as told in the stories of my Adam’s Chronicles—superhero Adam Boatwright acts boldly. Things get done. The greatest fictional stretches in genetics begin in Adam’s Tiger.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats.

Find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.

DNA Is Just One Key to Life

Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

Some fast advancements are taking place in genetics and related disciplines. It has been only a few decades since DNA was determined the key to all life on our planet (and perhaps places beyond) and that it is defined by four amino acids arranged in long double-helical DNA molecules. Only a few years ago a DNA representing a human genome was first sequenced. Individual genes are still being mapped.

Scientists now find that higher lifeforms have not one genome type (each defined by a unique DNA molecule), but three others—all interacting and determining an individual’s characteristics.

Recently, geneticists identified one controller, called an epigenome, properties of which are still largely a mystery. This actor sets the timing of traditional gene activity, in which pieces of DNA are copied into RNA, from which a plant or animal’s complex proteins are manufactured.

Two other types of genetic operators shape us. One of these is biome, epitomized by the bacteria residing in the gut of higher animals. These allow the host to digest plants and bring forth nutrients essential to good life. Hundreds of bacteria species have been identified in playing that and other essential roles. Less is known about the fourth genetic component, called the virome, which involves interactions between the host (us) and various viruses we carry inside our cells. (Viruses get into cells, while bacteria don’t. The latter critters may also be affected their own viruses.)

I began my Adam’s Chronicles series by focusing on DNA—the conventional genome. In the over twenty years since my start, genetic science has changed a lot.  It has only been a few years since the timing of developmental episodes has been found so important to an individual life, in some cases trumping those chemical aspects we call genes.

For instance, chimpanzees and humans are believed to differ by just a few dozen traditional genes (key DNA segments). Some scientists believe that much of what distinguishes us from apes is due to the timing of things—all controlled by the respective epigenomes. We are still learning about how genetic switches are started and stopped. We know very little about what makes chimpanzees differ so much from humans.

Many of these issues are encountered in my books, especially in Adam’s Tiger and its sequel. No book can keep up-to-date with continual unfolding of the genetics state-of-the-art, though I have attempted to wrap my hands around problems of meddling with Nature and the ethical controversies so raised.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats.

Find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.

Keeping Ecologies in Balance

Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

Today’s planet is threatened by climate change. That is the most serious of recent challenges to the natural world, and human activities are to blame. People have been interfering with ecologies on a massive scale almost since the emergence of homonins. The abrupt extinction of megafauna in the Americas and Australia testify to the effects of human migrations to strange lands.

All species stress environments and change ecologies. That is the natural course of evolution. Somehow, Nature adapts, and balance is eventually achieved. Inevitably, some extinctions do occur.

My book, Adam’s Tiger, is a story of human-directed recovery from a massive meteor strike on Earth. Baseline ecologies are begun with geographical restorations that only provide close approximations to what once existed—before mankind began distorting things. Thus, only marsupial land mammals are replaced in Australia. Horses are returned to the Americas. Some long extinct species, such as mammoths are brought back.

Even in a new world, there are controversies with all of that.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats.

Find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer

 

Nature Must Do the Heavy Lifting in Restoration

Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

California lawns may contain as many as twenty different varieties of grass. That makes for sustainable turf that looks good in all seasons and lasts a long time. This suggests an approach that might be taken by restorers of wild lands after a giant fire or killer drought. Why not prepare kits containing seeds for all known species of plant life that may have been endemic to the region under rejuvenation?

That would involve planting them all and letting Nature take its course. Life forms would sort things out as the newly planted adapt to particular micro-environments favoring certain plants and other biota. Areas would undergo distinct mini-evolution as niches form and life adjusts.

That is the approach taken by restorers of life following the giant meteor damage to our planet, as told in my book, Adam’s Tiger. There are far too few people to manage it all.

Even today, forests are in continuing states of flux, with dominant species shifting over time as climates change and fires leave scars. It would be impossible to dictate an ideal forest environment for all time. The restorers in my books treat forests like golf course turf, planting some of all species. They will let Nature do the optimizing. That general approach might work well in bring fish back to the Amazon Basin, where a dozen species would be released in one tributary, with totally different water dwellers planted in another. Big fish predators would be confined to the main rivers, and the restorers could leave the ultimate mixing of species to Nature.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats.

Find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.

Few Species Would Be Restored After Astronomical Catastrophe

Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

Earth is now facing an extinction event progressing thousands of times faster than ever before, and there is little time left even to save eggs, embryos, seeds, and spores for possible future restorations. Under best circumstances, only a tiny percentage of disappearing life forms could ever be brought back, and those must begin with a good enough collection of regenerative life spores.

The smart thing would be preventing extinctions in the first place. We cannot even do that without first addressing climate change. The odds seem against continued life, as we know it, on our planet.

What if a dedicated group began a life-restoration collection? It would include only a representative sample of species from various groups, since no organization would be big enough to amass everything in the time available. For example, the collection might include embryos of domestic dogs, one wolf species, coyotes, and one fox type. Other canids would be missing. Bats might number a dozen species out of hundreds. Frogs might be one percent of what we know. Maybe two dozen species of birds, fifty ants, a thousand beetles, and forty earth-dwelling worms would be saved. The short list should include all major orders and classes. And what about the microbiota needed for higher-order animals to thrive? Quite a challenge!

This is the prospect faced by the life rescuers in my book, Adam’s Tiger, as they attempt to make up for the catastrophe arising from the Icarus-spawned meteor, a blob ten times bigger than the crashing rock that killed-off the dinosaurs. At best, they can only start the repairs. It would take millions of years of future evolution to bring Earth back to the richness and diversity we know.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats.

Find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.

Two Restored Apes, Equally Close to Humans

Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

It has only been a few decades since DNA analysis has confirmed that two species of great apes, bonobos and chimpanzees, have DNA equally close to that of humans. Although bonobos superficially resemble chimpanzees, their DNA shows each to be as different from each other as either is from humans. The two apes have different physiques and temperaments. Chimpanzee males are very macho and aggressive with each other and totally dominate the females. Bonobos are matriarchal and unaggressive. Chimpanzees fight. Bonobos have sex—with the opposite sex, with the same sex, and with their children.

A similar dichotomy exists between the first two apes in my book, Adam’s New World. Chimpanzee female Chelsea wants to separate from humans, though she is devoted to her birth mother, Jayne Dickson. Bonobo female BoBo wants to continue living with humans and will even help her birth mother, Vera Boatwright, raise mom’s younger human babies.

Chelsea has some human traits, as she was raised by humans. Through sign language and diet-supplementation, the chimpanzee has human-level intelligence. Bobo is her intellectual equal. But the bonobo ape aspires to have genetically-modified children who walk upright like humans and speak aloud like regular people. Bobo wants to wear human clothes to hide her genitals, which she feels are an ugly mass when compared to the human counterparts, so neatly tucked away.

Adam's New World 0616 (Small)

Adam emerges as a full-fledged superhero. Book II of Adam’s Chronicles begins where Adam’s Caverns left off, with a handful of adults and their closely related children. All over the battered planet they are restoring life almost totally wiped out by the massive meteor. People are caught in a tight genetic funnel. To thrive, the two groups of surviving humans must pool their genetic material and carefully plan the next generations.

Adam Boatwright leads the genetic engineering necessary to give survival diversity to both animals and humans. The highly intelligent apes are in the process of being integrated into society and are treated as hairy people. Some request that Adam modify their genetic lines to permit speech and make it easier to walk on two legs. Others want to live in the wild, without humans and mind enhancing chemicals. Conflicts must be resolved.

The new society begins its long growth spurt, but transportation by boat is too time consuming and too dangerous. Infrastructure building starts with salvaging planes and ships. Stored fuels are running too low for that to work, and scarce gasoline must be replaced.

All the while, life must be restored and Adam must keep secret his long life, thereby protecting the future from traffickers in immortality. Can he orchestrate it all while directing a handful of middle-aged survivors with very young children, all spread widely over the planet?

This is now an Amazon Kindle E-Book. Find out more at:

http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00K98S1CC

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series.

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.