Category Archives: Adam’s Tiger

Cheetahs Back in North America

Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

Modern Cheetahs are African natives. Though once those cats were also native to North America, where they hunted Pronghorn Antelope. Those are the fastest runners on the continent, a trait they evolved to avoid Cheetahs. Without that predation, the antelope no longer has to be quick, and absent the selective pressure for speed, their fast-running trait will eventually disappear.

Maybe there are less obvious advantages to having Cheetahs than hunting antelopes. What if those creatures were brought back to America?

The restoration of Wolves to Yellowstone provide a stellar example of how much good can result from bringing back an apex predator. Profound changes have taken place in the park since the return of the Wolves. Their primary prey, the Elk are healthier now and less damaging to plant life. Cottonwood trees have rebounded, giving beavers back their favorite source of food and lodging material. As a result of more beaver damming, water tables have risen. The story goes on and on.

In the life restorations comprising the stories in Adam’s Tiger, the antelope do get restored as part of the recovery from the destructive meteor. All living things brought back by the rescuers have been placed in their original habitats. As noted in these blogs, certain extinct animals would also be restored, such as the Woolly Mammoth.

The American Cheetah joins that group. That is part of the tale in Book III of my Adam’s Chronicles series.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats.

Find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.

Behavioral Testing of Animal Replicas

Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

Tusks and the proper body size would be a requisite for an apex predator of mammoths. The now extinct Saber-Toothed Cat once played that role, and would need to be restored. A replica cat might be genetically engineered . This would be like getting a dog to help herd sheep. As we know, a herding dog has to be trained to do the work, though an acceptable canine must have an aptitude for moving animals.

Although training would not be the essential element in a replica Saber-Toothed Cat, those fierce animals must be tamed to behave properly among people. Our experience with dogs proves acceptable behavior can result from breeding.

As a first step, any modified cat that exhibits a threat to humans should be removed from the cats’ breeding gene pool. A deviant female could still bear implanted cubs from other females. An aggressive male would have no future and likely would be euthanized.

A simple test would involve provoking the subject animal to make aggressive moves toward a human. Such a procedure is described in my book,  Adam’s Tiger. The behavior screening tests should become harder with each successive generation of cats, until the breeders become confident that no threat to humans remains.

Another behavioral trait is hunting aptitude. Modified animals must eventually hunt prey—that’s their purpose for being. Like tameness, hunting proclivity can be selectively bred into the animals. Only genes of target-prey killers should remain in the breeding pool.

I won’t spoil the story by saying more. Details are in Book III of my Adam’s Chronicles series, which deals with restoring life to the planet after a dinosaur-killing sized meteor.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats.

Find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.

Hunting and Species Restoration

Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

Let’s imagine a future world in which people are mainly vegans and have little reason, other than recreation, to hunt. This is a world that is recovering from an astronomical event, with much life brought back by dedicated people who want a good platform for future evolution. Some people still hunt game for recreation. We can expect them to take the best trophy animals.

How might the new society “square the circle” to get good wildlife while permitting people to hunt?

Most of today’s hunters support wildlife conservation. Can that good will continue in the future world?

My story in Adam’s Tiger presents an example of lax governing on this issue. Though protagonist Adam Boatwright wants conservation, he compromises by setting up hunting preserves where trophy taking is allowed and killing is done with bow and arrow. In exchange for that, no hunting is permitted outside the confines of the preserve, located on a large island.

This story appears in Book III of my Adam’s Chronicles series, which describes how life might be restored to the planet after a dinosaur-killer sized meteor.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats.

Find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.

Selective Breeding to Get a Tame Killer Cat

Lawrence L. Lapin

@LarryLLapin

An earlier blog hints at a procedure that might be used to design a saber-toothed cat. Let’s suppose that was workable, and a feline twice as heavy as a male Siberian tiger was obtained with fearsome fangs. (Approximately ten years have gone by since starting the program.)

Now, what would the scientists do? Well, they would want an animal that will kill mammoths. But it would be unacceptable to bring forth a dangerous a saber-toothed cat. Of course tameness seems unnatural for any big predator.

But stretching this example, just how should the scientists proceed?

This is part of the storyline from my Adam’s Tiger. I won’t completely spoil the story now, but superhero Adam Boatwright wants an animal that would wag its tail and roll over when it encounters a human.

A dog-breeding type approach would be the next step. That would involve selective mating of those animals exhibiting tameness. But keep in mind, they must also be mammoth killers. (Do-able? Well, don’t some dogs kill and still lick their masters?)

This story is Book III of my Adam’s Chronicles series, which describes how life might be restored to the planet after a destructive astronomical event.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats.

Find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.

Speeding the Creation of a Species

Lawrence L. Lapin

@LarryLLapin

Nature is very slow as mutations take place over eons, changing species to fit new niches and modifying relationships among them. That evolutionary process would seem agonizingly slow to an ecologist charged with improving an ecology to compensate for some disaster.

Under the circumstance, people might be forgiven for tampering with nature to bring forth a species to occupy a particular niche, such as being a keystone species and apex predator for once-extinct and already restored grazers.

A recent blog presents an example of engineering a saber-toothed cat to prey on mammoths. How might such be accomplished within the lifetime of a single person?

Simulation is a trial-and-error tool that might speed things. It is used today to design facilities, such as oil refineries, so that they operate most efficiently. That is done on the computer, even before detailed drawing are made. A similar approach could determine the size of a new animal that would give a minimum probability of making a solo kill. Included in that evaluation might be the length and placement of the cat’s tusks.

The position of the gene for controlling feline tusk growth may not be known. It would be slow and expensive to manipulate the DNA of a tiger in an attempt to determine which particular gene to tweak. But some mammalian characteristics have similar genes from species to species, and tusks (eye teeth) for cats might have an analogue in rodents.

Mice would obviously be a much easier animal to work with, and their short life cycles would allow quicker changes.

This particular example is taken from my story in Adam’s Tiger, in which mice are irradiated until a mutation is found for tusking. Comparing a radiated mouse who grew tusks to the others, the fictional scientists locate the responsible gene and find the matching tiger DNA location. The researchers then perform gene-splicing on tigers. As noted in the earlier blog, this would be an early step in getting a new predator that might do the job.

This story is Book III of my Adam’s Chronicles series, which describes how life might be restored to the planet after a destructive astronomical event.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats.

Find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series.

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.

Getting a Saber-Toothed Cat

Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

One way to restore an extinct animal would be to find a preserved embryo. For example, a female Woolly Mammoth might be found frozen with an early-stage embryo in its womb. That might be surgically removed and implanted in an elephant surrogate, who would go on to bring us a calf. Repeat that to obtain a baby mammoth of the opposite sex, and Voila!

Of course there would be problems and questions, and the two babies might not be able to continue the propagation. But it makes for interesting science fiction.

Taking things a step further, suppose a nascent herd of young mammoths has been started. A suitable predator must be arranged.

Let’s presume that an analysis indicates the best animal for this would be the extinct Saber-toothed Cat. But there is no frozen carcass from which a viable embryo might be obtained. If good DNA might be found in a fossil, then perhaps the animal could be cloned. (More science fiction.)

But, let’s suppose that the only fossils containing traces of DNA have been contaminated after sitting eons in a tar pit. Patching together a complete genome would be like recreating a Michelangelo fresco from paint chips swept from the floor.

The answer might be to create the saber-toothed cat by modifying a Siberian tiger. That would involve gene-splicing, followed by cloning-type rejuvenation and surrogate implantation. A dog-breeding type of program would then bring forth an animal that likes to hunt and would kill and eat the targeted prey.

It all seems like a bunch of science fiction, or what I prefer to call “fictional science.” And, this is the major thrust of my story in Adam’s Tiger. This is Book III of my Adam’s Chronicles series, which describes how life might be restored to the planet after a destructive astronomical event.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths.

You may find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series.

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.

Evaluating an Animal’s Niche Fulfillment Potential

Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

Suppose we want to screen a candidate species for importation into an impoverished ecology. We might use mathematical modeling for this purpose. Each animal in the ecosystem would have its dietary needs spelled out, with the contribution provided by each source plant  duly noted. All relationships between important species would be represented.

The ecosystem can then be simulated on a computer, which would play out the same century a thousand times to get a statistical pattern of overall the ecology—with and without a particular alien import.

As an example, we might simulate the effect of having a mammoth back in North America. Surprising results might be obtained, perhaps a surge of certain plant species and a severe drop-off in others. We could then add keystone predator candidates to the mix to determine how the overall ecology would be impacted.

As an added twist, we could evaluate which non-existent predator would best balance the ecology. For example, we might play out African lions in North America versus artificial saber-toothed cats designed specifically to hunt mammoths.

This is the  evaluation told in my book,  Adam’s Tiger.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths.

You may find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series.

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.

Designing Animals to Fill Certain Niches

Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

Let’s contemplate an issue at the cusp of modern genetics: creating a plant or animal to fill a particular niche. For example, an entomologist might engineer a variant mosquito male to become infertile when irradiated. Any mating with him will result in sterile eggs. Those modified mosquitos would be raised in captivity to be selectively released, reducing mating opportunities for wild males and drastically reducing new mosquito disease vectors. Or, a geneticist might design a new variety of corn that has a chemical that is toxic to certain insects

Such changes are controversial and might be widely accepted only in emergencies.

One emergency would be a massive extinction event that results in a disastrous loss of many species and which destroys many ecological niches. Life restorations would likely create imbalances impossible to correct. For example, American bison were once prey to saber-toothed cats, now extinct. Restored bison would need replacement predators. Those were provided by Native American hunters who filled the niches vacated by the lost cats. (Ironically, those felines may have been wiped out by the newly arrived humans.)

Now imagine the planet being hit by a ‘dinosaur-killing’ sized meteor. Furthermore, we assume that survivors will have genetic material for bringing back the bison. But they lack any way to bring back saber-toothed cats. And, surviving people are vegans and do not hunt. They must create a predator for the bison. This is one of the story lines in my book, Adam’s Tiger.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths.

You may find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series.

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.

Dog-Breeding Approach to Getting New Species

 Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

There is probably no advanced species on Earth more varied than the domestic dog. Yet dogs range in size from teacup Chiauuas to tall Great Danes. They vary in behavior from Setters to Shepherds or from Pinschers to Malamutes. All are the same species and can interbreed.

Once thought to be descended from wolves, it is now believed that dogs and wolves are cousins and have a common ancestor. Research shows that modern dogs have co-evolved with people. And now people have modified dogs to do work and be cute.

But humans and dogs have not been cooperating long enough for separate canine species to emerge. (A key defining characteristic of a species is that members do not naturally interbreed with another species of similar kind. If such events occur, the hybrid offspring will usually be infertile, like mules obtained from horse and donkey.) Dogs have breeds instead. Left to their own devices, they will mix. But the offspring will always be a dog.

Dog breeding is not done with genetic tinkering on DNA. It is achieved simply by selective mating that favor a specific characteristic. Animals inferior for a particular trait, such as herding skill, are not allowed to comingle, while those having the desired property are given extra opportunities to breed. It is a comparatively passive way to achieve change.

A more vigorous way to get a particular characteristic would be to load the genetic dice by creating mutations. Radiation is one tool for doing that. The new generation would be an uncontrolled experiment, and drastic changes might result. Many resulting animals must be euthanized for humane reasons.

A more refined approach would be to change a handful of genes by splicing specific changes onto the DNA molecule itself. This requires lots of knowledge and advanced technology.

All three approaches are used in Adam’s Tiger, which incorporates the creation of new species. Beginning with Siberian Tigers, a Sabre-Toothed Cat will be created. The final result will not be an authentic pre-historic animal, but rather a gross approximation that fills the niche of the extinct target.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths.

You may find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series.

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.

Bypassing Nature to Enrich Life Restorations

Lawrence L. Lapin

Twitter: @LarryLLapin

Nature eventually brings forth species to fill every conceivable niche, though we may be slow to recognize the intricacies involved. People are still discovering heretofore unknown lifeforms. Maybe we have such an incredible richness of life that it is hard for us to see everything.

A trip to the Galapagos Islands might provide enlightenment regarding ecological niches. It was there that Charles Darwin really began putting together his evolutionary theories.

The Galapagos rose from the sea more recently than the Hawaiian chain, and by comparison they are very sparse. Yet I found quite startling the adaptations to island niches by accidentally arriving plants and animals. There are cacti with bark, similar to that of pines, daisies that grow into tall, woody trees, and giant tortoises—different varieties on several unconnected islands. In geological time, those species were created in an instant. But in human terms, they all evolved agonizingly slowly. Though its islands straddle the Equator, the Galapagos are mainly desert-like. I would expect those islands to eventually resemble the Hawaiian paradise. Maybe that would take about five million years.

Switching gears, let’s consider Earth undergoing life restorations after being hit by a giant meteor. From a human perspective, the recovering planet would be more like the Galapagos and less like Hawaii. Surviving humans could only save a tiny fraction of species from before, and a small fraction of previous life forms might regenerate without help.

Restorers would likely be disappointed in the results. They might be tempted to speed things up and to fill obvious niches with life they create themselves.

This is a major theme in Adam’s Tiger, in which people sometimes supplant Nature in creating new life.

Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)

Book III of Adam’s Chronicles moves 500 years into the future. Planet Earth is still recovering from a disastrous meteor impact. The centuries-long effort to bring back animals and plants—and mankind itself—is nearing its conclusion.

Humans make a small footprint in this renewed world, though ecological disaster is expected from explosive population growth. Changes are in the works, troubles are brewing, and Adam Boatwright worries about the future.

The long-lived geneticist vows to discourage mankind from again ruining the planet. He also takes on a new goal: to make life more robust while improving the platform for future evolution. In doing so, he would bring back animals driven to extinction by early humans, starting with woolly mammoths.

You may find out more about my Amazon Kindle E-Book at:

www.amazon.com/dp/B00LDD8UEQ

(Amazon offers a free app for reading its E-Books on PCs, iPads, etc.)

The Adam’s Chronicles Series.

Layout 1      Adam's New World 0616 (Small)      Adam's Tiger 0616 (Small)      Layout 1

Adam’s story is always brought up to date in fresh ways, so that books in this series may be read in any order.

The following book is the series prequel and may be read independently.

AdamForeverFinalCoverModifiedCorrected

All of the above are available at Amazon as Kindle E-Books.

What Others Say About This Series

Awesome story of restoration of Earth—an epic novel, one that shall never be forgotten. Dr. Lapin is truly gifted as a story teller. … Powerful, fast page turning story. Highly recommend—Nancy of Utah, Amazon Reviewer.

Great book, it is the kind of book you can’t wait to read again—Sandra Potter, Amazon Reviewer.

I am fascinated by the quality of this book. … A wonderful blend of thrilling adventure, science fiction and romance. … It delivers on so many different levels. Well done—Dennis Waller, Top 500 Amazon Reviewer.

This story had every element … an exciting plot, attention to detail, but best of all fleshed out, well-written and well-rounded character development. Abundance of well-illustrated scenes. … had me immersed from the beginning. The story flows … with ease, and the author shows exceptional skill when it comes to storytelling. … Twists and turns in this page turner … make you want to read it non-stop. … Highly recommended—Piaras, Amazon Reviewer.

Phenomenal series offers elements of the thriller, mystery, science fiction, and romance genres. Dr. Lapin’s novels are exciting, with wonderfully developed characters and situations—Jada Ryker, Top 1,000 Amazon Reviewer.

Mad scientist or brave hero? … A murder mystery, medical thriller, and science fiction novel all rolled into one. I recommend it highly—Diane Rapp, Amazon Reviewer.

A fast paced story so plausible that I had trouble figuring the line where science fact and science fiction resides. … That credibility made the debate about the desirability of immortality real instead of fantasy. … An entertaining read—Capt’n Bob, Amazon Reviewer.